Rocky Mountain E-Review 
of Language and Literature

Volume 59, Number 2
Fall 2005


Gnosis in Aemilia Lanyer's
Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum

Wendy Miller Roberts 
Northwestern University

Working from Aemilia Lanyer's Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil in "Eves Apologie" to her articulation of the entirety of salvific history throughout Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum, this article offers a new understanding of Lanyer's position in literary history by placing her within the Gnostic tradition.

People in Threes Going Up in Smoke
and Other Triplicities in Russian Literature and Culture

Lee B. Croft 
Arizona State University

Triplicity is particularly pervasive and profound in Russian culture and in Russian literature, as is shown by this tracing of "things in threes" from Russian preliterary narrative forms through Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Gippius, Blok, Pasternak, and Pelevin, as well as in the works of criticism that treat them.

Literary Evidence of Continuities
from Zhou Shuren to Lu Xun

Eva Shan Chou 
City University of New York, Baruch College

Zhou Shuren adopted the pen name Lu Xun in 1918 when he began to write for the new vanguard magazines. The results were the fiction and essays that soon made Lu Xun the preeminent name in modern Chinese literature. The background of this astonishing efflorescence at age thirty-seven is little understood, for sources on the preceeding years are scarce and provide few insights. This article presents new evidence showing connections between Zhou Shuren and the modern writer that he became. It identifies continuities between a classical-language essay by Zhou, "An Account of Excursions in the Year 1911," published in 1912, and two of Lu Xun's best-known vernacular-language short stories: "Hometown" (1921) and "New Year's Sacrifice" (1924). The connections show an obscure essay to be significant, they shed light on key moments in two much-analyzed stories, and they increase our understanding of a major figure.

Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi's Pan-Europa
as the Elusive "Object of Longing"

Daniel C. Villanueva 
University of Nevada - Las Vegas

Pan-Europa (1922) is a Weimar-era defense of democratic, multicultural "European" political institutions and cultural ties binding both Eastern and Western Europe. Uncannily presaging actual developments within the European Community after 1945, it retains importance as a cosmopolitan blueprint for a more inclusive definition of what "Europe" should geographically encompass and how deeply European nations should integrate. It likewise outlines the dangers in an exclusive focus on the imagined benefits of exclusively Western European traditions.

Cioran ou le délire de lire

Aurélien Demars 
Université Jean Moulin

Cet article se propose d'interroger l'herméneutique à l'oeuvre chez Cioran à travers la réinterprétation de ses concepts d'admiration, de portrait et de lecture. Parce que le sens ne fait pas sens impunément, c'est le procès du sens du sens qui est intenté ici. Le pessimisme heuristique de Cioran ne se réduit pourtant pas à un nihilisme gnoséologique. Il s'agit donc d'examiner comment Cioran lit-il, comment nous apprend-il à le lire et même à lire philosophiquement : brisé en deux avec d'un côté une herméneutique mystique des larmes et de l'autre une herméneutique délirante de la lucidité, le sens se mire dans la moire insensée qu'est le non-sens. Plus qu'un miroir déformant de soi-même, le sens est un prisme qui concentre en la conscience un sens caché, secret.

[This article questions the hermeneutics present in Cioran's work through the reinterpretation of his concepts of admiration, portrait, and reading. Because meaning does not convey itself blamelessly, the meaning of meaning is here on trial. The heuristic pessimism of Cioran is not simply reduced to a gnoseologic nihilism. There is, therefore, a need to examine how Cioran reads, how he teaches us to read him and how to read philosophically: broken in two with on one side a mystic hermeneutics of tears and on the other a delirious hermeneutics of lucidity, meaning is reflected in the senseless iridescence of non-sense. More than a distorting mirror of itself, meaning is a prism which concentrates in our consciousness a hidden, secret sense.]


Some Notes on Failure
in Researching Sport and Coaching Writing

Linda Kittell 
Washington State University

This article is based on a talk given by the author, a Senior Instructor of English at Washington State University, to the Honors College in April 2005 as part of the Invited Lecture Series. The title comes from a discussion she overheard between two students. One student was trying to convince her boyfriend to go to Nobel Prize Laureate Wole Soyinka's poetry reading. She kept repeating, "But Travis, he won the Noble Prize." This got the author thinking about "noble" prizes, that although they may be more readily available than Nobel Prizes, they are not less important. There's a lot about basketball here, a little about baseball, some about teaching writing, and a couple of peafowl tossed in.


Charlemagne, by Matthias Becher, trans. David S. Bachrach 
Reviewer: Jolyon Timothy Hughes

The Preaching Fox: Festive Subversion in the Plays of the Wakefield Master, by Warren Edminster 
Reviewer: Rick McDonald

Milton Studies 44 (2004), ed. Albert C. Labriola 
Reviewer: Joanne Craig

Approaches to Teaching Austen's Emma, ed. Marcia McClintock Folsom 
Reviewer: Kandi Tayebi

German Orientalisms, by Todd Kontje 
Reviewer: Hans-Georg Erney

The War Against Catholicism: Liberalism and the Anti-Catholic Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Germany, by Michael Gross 
Reviewer: Daniel C. Villanueva

Creole Echoes: The Francophone Poetry of Nineteenth-Century Louisiana, by Norman R. Shapiro 
Reviewer: Cécile Accilien

The Mirror of Divinity: The World and Creation in J.K. Huysmans, by Robert Ziegler 
Reviewer: Aleksandra Gruzinska

Acts of Authority/Acts of Resistance: Theater and Politics in Colonial and Postcolonial India, by Nandi Bhatia 
Reviewer: Alan Johnson

Approaches to Teaching Proust's Fiction and Criticism, ed. Elyane Dezon-Jones and Inge Crosman Wimmers 
Reviewer: Helynne Hollstein Hansen

Why Women Protest: Women's Movements in Chile, by Lisa Baldez 
Reviewer: Victor P. Unda

Willa Cather and Material Culture: Real-World Writing, Writing the Real World, ed. Janis P. Stout 
Reviewer: Catharine Randall

As Ever Yours: The Letters of Max Perkins and Elizabeth Lemmon, ed. Rodger L. Tarr 
Reviewer: Craig Monk

The Writing of Guillaume Apollinaire / Le Style Apollinaire, by Louis Zukofsky 
Reviewer: Cecile Hanania

Teaching the Representation of the Holocaust, ed. Marianne Hirsch and Irene Kacandis 
Reviewer: Joanne Craig

Western Subjects: Autobiographical Writing in the North American West, ed. Kathleen A. Boardman and Gioia Woods 
Reviewer: Jennie A. Camp

An American Vein: Critical Readings in Appalachian Literature, ed. Danny L. Miller, Sharon Hatfield, and Gurney Norman 
Reviewer: Michael Pringle

Bringing The Empire Back Home: France in the Global Age, by Herman Lebovics 
Reviewer: Lorie Sauble-Otto

Afro-Cuban Tales, by Lydia Cabrera, trans. Alberto Hernandez-Chiroldes and Lauren Yoder 
Reviewer: Norman Weinstein

Family Life in the Twentieth Century, ed. David I. Kertzer and Marzio Barbagli 
Reviewer: Anne Bliss

On James Tate, ed. Brian Henry 
Reviewer: Cliff Toliver

The Postmodern Poetic Narrative of Cuban Writer Reinaldo Arenas, by Ileana C. Zéndegui 
Reviewer: Patricia Catoira

Landscapes of Devils: Tensions of Place and Memory in the Argentinean Chaco, by Gastón R. Gordillo 
Reviewer: Graham Lyons

Lesbian Gothic: Transgressive Fictions, by Paulina Palmer 
Reviewer: Mary P. Anderson

Distant Reading: Performance, Readership, and Consumption in Contemporary Poetry, by Peter Middleton 
Reviewer: Hannah Lavery

France at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: Trends and Transformations, ed. Marie-Christine Koop 
Reviewer: Kathryn Eberle Wildgen

Differentials: Poetry, Poetics, Pedagogy, by Marjorie Perloff 
Reviewer: Claudia A. Becker

The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism, 2nd edition by Michael Groden, Martin Kreiswirth, and Imre Szeman 
Reviewer: Michael Kramp

Topics in Language and Cultures for Teachers, by Steven Brown and Jodi Eisterhold 
Reviewer: Vilma Concha-Chiaraviglio