Rocky Mountain Review 
of Language and Literature

Volume 72, Number 2 
Fall 2018


Native Women and the Regeneration of Coeur d’Alene
Masculinity in Chris Eyre’s Smoke Signals

Peter L. Bayers
Fairfield University

The question of just what constitutes Native masculinity in Smoke Signals (1998) has received relatively modest critical attention among scholars. I argue that the film suggests—in keeping with Native, or more specifically, Coeur d’Alene epistemology—that one avenue by which Coeur d’Alene men can begin to revitalize their masculinity is by structuring their identities in relation to Native women. In fact, women in the film consistently set the terms of what should constitute proper masculine behavior and, at times, proactively shape masculinity.

California Polytechnic State University

In Of Reformation, Milton’s earliest anti-prelatical tract, Milton constructs a language of reform organized around dynamic bodily imagery and poised between spiritual loss in a fallen present and a future transformation. This poetics of embodiment helps to define the complexities of the Miltonic speaking subject, forges new bonds between that subject and its readers, and articulates
the transformative potential of a reformist impulse in the historical world. Lastly, Of Reformation demonstrates the significance of acts of reading and interpretation that, in mingling the bodily and spiritual, expand the scope of the early Milton’s emerging vision of reformation.

Jaime Leaños
University of Nevada, Reno

El presente estudio analiza cómo el anónimo autor del Cantar de Mio Cid (1207) utiliza la figura del Cid como un Jesucristo penitente con un propósito propagandístico de cruzada después de la desastrosa batalla de Alarcos (1195), la cual paró todo intento de reconquista en la Península Ibérica hasta el glorioso vencimiento de las tropas islámicas en Jaén, con la favorable batalla de las Navas de Tolosa en 1212. Dicho paralelo se fermenta a través de los múltiples ejemplos que el Cantar brinda tanto a los lectores como a los oyentes. El Cid, como Jesucristo, sirve de guía a sus mesnadas y a todo aquel que se le adjunte con el propósito de defender la verdadera fe. 


University of Wyoming

Samuel Fuller is an American filmmaker whose filmography spans the cold war period and who is mostly known for his war films. Due to his experience as a soldier, Fuller presented a violent, realistic portrait of warfare that led to success and controversy alike. When producing his films, Fuller encountered obstacles with the Motion Picture Association of America, production executives, and critics because his films consistently went against contemporary trends. Nevertheless, the filmmaker conveyed his idiosyncratic view of the battlefield: one that neither condemns nor sentimentalizes warfare, but that portrays it as a necessary paradox that is chaotic and insane.


Reviews are published in alphabetical order according to the name of the author reviewed.
Reading Lu Xun Through Carl Jung, by Carolyn Brown
Reviewer: Ping Zhu

Double Vague. Le nouveau souffle du cinéma français, by Claire Diao 
Reviewer: Marie-Line Brunet

Carajicomedia. Parody and Satire in Early Modern Spain. With an Edition and Translation of the Text, by Frank A. Domínguez
Reviewer: Carlos Cuadra

Cognitive Disability Aesthetics: Visual Culture, Disability, Representationsand the (In)Visibility of Cognitive Difference, by Benjamin Fraser
Reviewer: Elizabeth J. Jones

Norse Mythology, by Neil Gaiman 
Reviewer: Peter Fields

Evolution of Desire: A Life of René Girard, by Cynthia L. Haven 
Reviewer: John Herda

Alles Sehen, by Christoph Höhtker 
Reviewer: Albrecht Classen

Bobby Kennedy: A Raging Spirit, by Chris Matthews 
Reviewer: Peter Fields

New Approaches to Lusophone Culture, Natália Pinazza, ed
Reviewer: Katia C. Bezerra

The Golden Havana Night: A Scherlock Homie Mystery, by Manuel Ramos
Reviewer: Marcus Embry

Writer, Sailor, Soldier, Spy: Ernest Hemingway’s Secret Adventures, 1935-1961, by Nicholas Reynolds
Reviewer: Joy Landeira

La prueba de los ingenios, by Lope de Vega y Carpio 
Reviewer: Conxita Domènech

Transpacific Attachments: Sex Work, Media Networks, and Affective Histories of Chineseness, by Lily Wong
Reviewer: Haiyan Xie

Die Wolken waren groß und weiß und zogen da oben hin, by Matthias Zschokke
Reviewer: Ingo R. Stoehr


The Joys (Juice) and Delights in Late Medieval Verse Narratives.
Eroticism and Enlightenment in the Literary Discourse of the Old French Fabliaux
The text of the Sterling Keynote Address given at the 2018 Annual Convention
October 5, 2018, Cheyenne, Wyoming
Albrecht Classen
University of Arizona 

This paper emphasizes that medieval literature was just as much determined by religious and ethical ideals as by very mundane, ordinary themes, often bordering on the sexual and even pornographic (?). In light of a selection of Old French fabliaux, this study sets out to analyze how the poets inject the theme of sex into their texts, and then analyzes what different purposes the authors might have pursued, apart from offering humorous entertainment and erotically titillating themes. As the analysis demonstrates, behind the laughter triggered by these texts, we can recognize significant efforts to offer critical perspectives regarding economic, political, and philosophical issues, apart from debating the gender relationship and the relationship between the clergy and the laity.