Rocky Mountain E-Review 
of Language and Literature

Volume 53, Number 2
Fall 1999


From the Editors

In the weeks following the conference in Santa Fe, we have had time to contemplate our myriad experiences in that city of diverse peoples, cultures, and weather systems. Above all, the conference allowed for the exchange of ideas essential to the lifeblood of our profession. Like other conference participants, we were able establish new relationships with scholars in our areas of interest as well as to renew the bonds with friends from graduate school, former colleagues, and conference contacts from previous years. As editors of this journal, we call on you to rework your conference presentation and submit it for publication in The Rocky Mountain Review and E-Review (, thus widening your audience beyond those fortunate enough to have attended your presentation in Santa Fe.

The richness of our experiences in Santa Fe resonates in the breadth and depth of the RMMLA membership, and in turn this wealth and richness of academic expertise is readily apparent in this issue of the journal. In the pages that follow, you will find intellectual forays into topics ranging from German minority literature and British literature to Native American traditions and American literature. We hope that you take this opportunity to look beyond your specialty and search for the common language of the humanities.

As always in this season of encroaching darkness, we are already looking forward to spring's rebirth and renewal. For the editorial staff of the The Rocky Mountain Review and E-Review, the spring will also bring another thematic issue of the journal, focusing this time on "Anachronisms and Neologisms in Language and Literature: The Creation of New Wor(l)ds." We would also like to invite you once again to submit manuscripts for our final thematic issue in spring 2001: "Responses to the Turning of the Century: Revisiting, Reviewing, and Recreating the Fin de Siècle Across the Ages."


Katherine Gordon and the Art of Marriage Brokering 
in Perkin Warbeck

Corinne Abate
Iona College

The title character of John Ford's masterpiece Perkin Warbeck suffers from an overwhelming concern with proving the rightfulness of his claim upon the British throne. What this social climbing, self-made salesman needs, therefore, is a good woman; "good" not in the sense of obedient, but economically and politically viable, powerfully connected to a social status to which Perkin has no other legitimate access. The answer to Perkin's needs is Katherine Gordon, a princess and royal relative of James IV of Scotland. Employing Gayle Rubin's anthropological trafficking theories, this article interrogates a new approach to the traffic in women that will reveal, with specific reference to Perkin Warbeck, the center of power Katherine creates in her successful empowerment of the domestic sphere, and one to which she allows Perkin access. It is a delicious irony, therefore, that this discussion of necessary subsumption pertains to a man, engrossed with the idea of kingship, and not to the indispensable woman upon whom he so heavily relies.

"A Curious Double Insight":
The Well of Loneliness and Native American Alternative Gender Traditions

Tara Prince-Hughes
Pierce College

Although it has been widely interpreted and criticized as a lesbian novel, Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness is more accurately seen as the story of an alternatively gendered person. Just as two-spirit people in traditional Native American cultures have assumed alternative gender identities by undertaking the dress, work, and behavior patterns associated with the other gender, so Stephen Gordon attempts to assume a male gendered identity as defined by Edwardian English culture. Reading the novel from this perspective clarifies the distinction between gender and sexual orientation and recognizes the novel's own cultural context.

Hemingway's "Out of Season":
The Importance of Close Reading

Charles J. Nolan, Jr. 
U.S. Naval Academy

A close reading of "Out of Season," the first story Hemingway wrote after the loss of his early manuscripts, makes clear his basic talent as it reveals essential aspects of his artistry. The problems of gender relationships, the theory of omission, the incommunicability at the heart of human interaction, the use of symbolic landscape, the choice of just the right word -- these and other elements of Hemingway's craft manifest themselves clearly if we look line by line at this remarkable story.

"Innere Unruthe"?
Zehra Çirak and Minority Literature Today

Marilya Veteto-Conrad
Northern Arizona University

The article discusses the work of Istanbul-born Berlin author Zehra Çirak -- winner of the 1989 Adelbert von Chamiso Förderpreis and the 1993 Hölderlinförderpreis -- and her position vis-a-vis the controversial and occasionally detrimental treatment by scholars and publishers of so-called minority writers in the Federal Republic. Also examined is current scholarship on minority writers and the advantages and disadvantages of the approaches taken. The article focuses on literary quality rather than on ethnic background, although the latter can be useful to a degree, especially for reasons of categorization. Several of Çirak's texts are analysed and discussed.


Shakespeare and the Spectacles of Strangeness: The Tempest and the Transformation of Renaissance Theatrical Forms, by John G. Demaray 
Reviewer: Jeanie Grant Moore

British Romanticism
      England in 1819: The Politics of Literary Culture and the Case
             of Romantic Historicism
, by James Chandler
      Wordsworth and the Victorians, by Stephen Gill
      The Day-Star of Liberty: William Hazlitt's Radical Style, by Tom Paulin
Reviewer: J. Mark Smith

Among Other Things: A Description of the Novel, by Terrence Doody 
Reviewer: Patricia Linton

By the Rivers of Babylon: Heinrich Heine's Late Songs and Reflections, by Roger F. Cook 
Reviewer: Eva Ludwiga Szalay

Ideology, Mimesis, Fantasy: Charles Sealsfield, Friedrich Gerstäcker, Karl May, and Other German Novelists of America, by Jeffrey L. Sammons 
Reviewer: Craig W. Nickisch

A Doll House. Based on the Play by Henrik Ibsen
Reviewer: Kim Andersen

Sinclair Lewis: New Essays in Criticism, ed. James M. Hutchisson 
Reviewer: William T. Hamilton

Exiled in Paradise: German Refugee Artists and Intellectuals in America from the 1930s to the Present, by Anthony Heilbut 
Reviewer: George Bridges

Caught: The Art of Photography in the German Democratic Republic, by Karl Gernot Kuehn 
Reviewer: Gerald A. Fetz

Circles of Sorrow, Lines of Struggle: The Novels of Toni Morrison, by Gurleen Grewal 
Reviewer: Madonne M. Miner

The Last of the African Kings, by Maryse Condé, trans. Richard Philcox 
Reviewer: Paula K. Sato

Subject to Biography: Psychoanalysis, Feminism, and Writing Women's Lives, by Elisabeth Young-Bruehl 
Reviewer: Megan Simpson

Artistry in Native American Myths, by Karl Kroeber 
Reviewer: Linda Lizut Helstern

Learning Foreign and Second Languages: Perspectives in Research and Scholarship, ed. Heidi Byrnes 
Reviewer: Christine Anton

En route
Reviewer: Lars Erickson

Cultural Studies and the New Humanities: Concepts and Controversies, by Patrick Fuery and Nick Mansfield 
Reviewer: Shawn Alfrey